What is Sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy is a form of treatment where a doctor injects medicine into blood vessels or lymph vessels that causes them to shrink. It is commonly used to treat varicose veins or so-called spider veins.

Is Surgery Involved?

The procedure is non-surgical, requiring only an injection. It can also be used to treat blood and lymph vessel disorders that cause these vessels to form incorrectly.

How does it work?

Sclerotherapy uses an irritating solution called a sclerosant, which is injected directly into a vein or lymph vessel. The solution irritates the vessel, causing it to swell. This swelling cuts off the flow of blood or lymphatic fluid and the vessel shrinks.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins occur when the veins swell and bulge, usually in the legs. This is due to weak vein walls that, in turn, weaken the vein valves. As a result, blood pools up the veins, causing them to swell and look different. Varicose veins may be painful and can cause skin issues, including rashes. Sclerotherapy reduces the effects of vein damage, making varicose veins less visible and less painful.

Schedule Vein Tx

What to expect from sclerotherapy

Sclerotherapy requires a consultation with a doctor to assess the problematic vein or lymph vessel. Sclerotherapy for spider veins is usually performed in the office of a dermatologist or a vein specialist. The procedure does not usually require anesthesia or any special preparation. People should follow the doctor's instructions before surgery since it might be necessary to avoid lotions or oils beforehand. During the treatment, the person lies on their back with their legs up. A doctor cleans the area, then inserts a small needle into the vein. The needle may pinch. The doctor injects the vein with an irritating solution. The individual may feel burning, tingling, or nothing at all. When the injection is complete, the doctor will massage the area to prevent blood from re-entering the vein. The individual may need to wear a pad or compression stockings in the area.

In most cases, someone will need follow-up treatment to collapse a vein fully. If there are several varicose veins, numerous treatments may be the only way to get rid of them. After the treatment, people should remain active to prevent blood clots from forming. Most will also need to avoid sunlight, which can cause dark spots on the treated area. Some people experience tenderness or bruising at the site of the injection, but recovery is otherwise relatively easy.